About Uluru (Ayers Rock)

How many people visit Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park?

Every year more than 250,000 people come from all over the world to experience the natural and cultural wonders of Uluru and Kata Tjuta.

When did Uluru-Kata Tjuta become a national park?

Ayers Rock (which we now call Uluru) was first declared a national park in 1950.

In 1958, both Ayers Rock and Mount Olga (now Kata Tjuta) were excised from an Aboriginal reserve to form the Ayers Rock–Mt Olga National Park. The park’s name was changed to Uluru and Kata Tjuta (Ayers Rock–Mt Olga) National Park in 1977.

In 1985, after more than 35 years of campaigning, Anangu were recognised as the traditional owners of the park and handed back the deeds to their homelands.

The park was officially renamed Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park in 1993.

Read more about the history of Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

Who owns Uluru and Kata Tjuta?

Anangu own Uluru and Kata Tjuta and lease the land to the Australian Government. Parks Australia and Anangu work together as partners, jointly managing the national park using a mix of modern science and traditional knowledge.

How high is Uluru?

Uluru rises 348 metres above the surrounding plain. That’s higher than the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the Chrysler Building in New York or the Eureka Tower in Melbourne.

How far is it around Uluru?

If you walk right around the base of Uluru, you’ll discover the rock has a circumference of 9.4 km.

How much does Uluru weigh?

In 2018 the Northern Territory Geological Survey calculated the weight of Uluru for the ABC TV Series Catalyst. Their estimate was 1,425,000,000 tonnes – and that’s just the part above the ground!

The History of Uluru

The UNESCO World Heritage site of Uluru is an unmistakable symbol of the Australian outback and is one of the top destinations for travellers to Australia. Standing 348 metres tall, Uluru is surrounded by waterholes, springs, caves and fascinating rock formations as well as ancient Aboriginal rock paintings.

“The rock” is famous for having many “moods”, and appearing to change colour depending on the time of day, the weather, and the season.

Uluru (once known by European settlers as “Ayers Rock”) is part of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, which also contains Kata Tjuta (The Olgas). Both Uluru and Kata Tjuta are sacred to the Anangu people, the traditional custodians of the land. The land is leased to Parks Australia and is jointly administered by the Anangu and Parks Australia.

The Anangu people have a strong living culture in the area. Archaeologists believe Aboriginal people have been living in Central Australia for over 30,000 years.